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ISSUE
CONTENTS
QTY.
PRICE
PAYPAL
October
1984

Espionage (This German "mole" was a senior citizen when tapped for duty a third time, a third war.), Personality (Ruthless but clever, Genghis Khanonce set birds and cats afire to to destroy a city.), Weaponry (An American solves the puzzle of automation for the machine gun.), Travel (In New Orleans, they still recall the battle that needn't have been fought.), Books (In her latest best-seller, popular historian Barbara Tuchman cites for instances of apparent human "folly".), Nelson's Twilight Thunder (Slipping into shallow water around the anchored French fleet, Admiral Nelson's power-laden squadron dealt Napoleon's Eastern ambitions a devasting blow.), In Order to End Neutrality (Wittingly or not, these gallant young aviators Americaine contributed to pressure on the U.S. to enter Europe's Great Waar. Commited to a noble cause, the volunteers of the Lafayette Escartille flew their hearts out for France.), That Terrible First Day (In a recently found Civil War memoir, a young Ohio artilleryman recals his baptism of fire at "terrible" shiloh and the many slogging days to follow.), First Strike at River Drang (For the untested U.S. airmobile troops in Vietnam, contact with the enemy was the goal and the battle at Ia Drang their initial strike. For the first time in the war, a major American force collided with the North Vietnamese, and it was the NVA who left with "tail between his legs".)
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December
1984

Editorial, Personality (America was reeling from the Japanese punch, when Doolittle stuck back.), Espionage (George Washington supplied the invisible ink and kept close eye on his sophisticated spy tier in New York.), Weaponry (Its appearance of genial silliness masked its true wickedness - the first tank.), Travel (Salamis, where inexpected naval victory preserved the Greek ideal for sightseers of today.), Books (It wasn't San Juan Hill that Roosevelt's Rough Riders conquered, but it was the Spanish who took a back seat as the U.S. flexed muscle.), Odds Against the Black Prince (At the outset, it was the raiding English who were outnumbered, but it was a French king who later had to pay ransom.), Their Shots Quit Coming (Artifacts, other new evidence provide a more complete account of how Custer and his troopers were overwhelmed at the Little Big Horn that merciless day.), Fierce Johnny Gurk (Ever since they met in battle 170 years ago, the Nepalese Gurkha and the British Tommy have fought side by side around the world. Johnny Gurk may be diminutive, but his reputation as a warrior doesn't care a whit.), Failure at the Bulge (For the Germans who came out of the mist and snow, the counterattack was Hitler's last desperate gamble. Along the 60-mile front that momentarily did bulge, it was the thinly spread Americans who felt the brunt.)
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February
1985

Editorial, Personality (Arminius, born into the shackled German tribes, challenged the bondage of Rome and its legions), Espionage (Once though intelligence-dry, the medieval era in fact was awakening to the spy's usefulness), Weaponry (From ancient days in China, use of war rockets was sporadic - but many toyed with their thundering potential), Travel (The Duke of Wessington won his military spurs in India, but it was in the see-sawing Peninsular campaigns of Spain and Portugal that he won both title and reputation), Books (Sherman recalls his March Through Georgia in vivid, republished memoirs), Night Of The Assegais (After disaster for columns of fellow British nearby, the few men of tiny Rorke's Drift in Zululand held out for hours behind makeshift walls of biscuit boxes and mealie bags. No profanity, urged the chaplain as he passed the ammo), Surrender Or Die (Undeterred by the 30,000 man Union army nearby, homespun cavalry tactician Nathan Bedford Forrest stormed Murfreesboro at dawn and would not leave until he "had them all", his surrender terms to the Federals most blunt), Predators Beyond All Rules (First in World War 1, then again in World War II, German U-boats broke all rules of warfare in their hunger for Allied prey. With a few more submarines put to sea, some of the admirals felt, Germany might have won), Trauma Of Courage (Interview by Alexander S. Cochran, Jr. After 23 days locked in a boxcar, strafed and bombed, prison camp looked pretty good - almost. Still to come were a 43-day, 300-mile march through wartime Germany and an attempted rescue mission led by Patton's tanks)
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April
1985

Espionage (In neutral America, German sabuteurs left a trail of violence and double-dealing.), Personality (After Washington at Yorktown, the next adversary for Cornwallis was the Tippoo Sultan.), Weaponry (Legend and myth fall short of the vanuted longbow's real saga as a weapon of war.), Travel (The paths of twin military prodigies finally crossed on the heights of Quebec in 15-minute confrontation that decided the fate of a nation.), Books (In his latest oral history, Studs Terkel turns to the "Good War" as GI Joe and folks at home tell their stories.), Minuet with Musket and Cannon (In 18th-century Flanders, with a French king and courtiers looking on, courtesy came before hostility. But then the battle began, politeness forgotten in the cannon's roar.), No Advance Beyond Chosen (Kill those "snakes" the Red Chinese general told his commanders, and when the U.S. Marines appeared at Chosin Reservoir in North Korea, the Chinese indeed began to ply their sycthe. What they struck was unexpected hard rock.), Sana Ana's Signal (For long minutes, not only his soldiers, but also Mexican General Santa Ana himself awaited an unknown signal. When finally it came, they swarmed to the attack against the old adobe mission - the Alamo.), Low as We Could Go (For the raid on Ploesti, U.S. strategists planned a daring, low-level mission in broad daylight - with hopes that destruction of the Romanian oil complex could end the war by Christmas of 1943.)
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June
1985

Espionage (Richard Sorge and his Japanese cohort supped with high-ranking sources, then fed their infor to Stalin for breakfast.), Personality (The South's last general to surrender was Cherokee Chief Stand Warie.), Weaponry (The Stuka's banshee howl and accurate delivery struck terror in the hearts of Germany's enemies.), Travel (In Upstate New York, Benedict Arnold helped swing a key battle's ride against Gentleman Johnny Burgoyne.), Books (Kasserine was a disaster for the U.S., but there were reasons other than poor troop performance.), The Earth Leaped Skyward (In attack the British knew had to come, the Germans burst from their own deep trenches aftar a gas and artillery bombardment that tore the night apart.), Dark Passage Through Rebel Lines (In bold bid for escape from Stonewall Jackson's wrath, Federal cavalrymen slipped out of Harper's Ferry and crossed the river by night. They had only a gathering enemy storm to slip by next.), Gordon's Lonely Vigil (Chinese Gordon held out in Khartoum for 10 months while angry desert tribesmen raged nearby, while a British relief force finally got underway, while tribesmen and rescuers drew closer and closer.), Protecting the Ultimate Advantage (It would be 30 years before the Allied evesdropping operation known as ULTRA would be revealed - and now some histories of World War II may have to be reconsidered.)
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August
1985

Espionage (The Czar's agent in Tibet was a shrewd Buriat Monk who cast the Russian ruler in savior's role.), Weaponry (The Confederate submarine Hunley was a death trap - and the first submarine to sink an enemy warship.), Personality (Doug Campbell was the first American air Ace of all time.), Books (Sherman and Vietnam don't really go together.), Travel (In California's lava beds, the ragtag Modoc Indians made things exceedingly difficult for a superior U.S. Army force.), Hurricane of Sword and Horse (Eylau was only a wretched village, but as the Russians and Napoleon's legions met, the fighting was firrst house to house and then, the finest day for the Emperor's cavalry, the thundering gallop of 24 squadrons clad in steel.), Greatest of All Invasions (The two invasions planned for the Japanese home islands 40 years ago would have produced casualties in the millions and were only averted by America's use of the atomic bomb instead.), Siege by Righteous Fists (For 53 days of siege by rebellious Chinese Boxers in Peking, the end looked imminent every day for the multi-national band cornered in the city's Legation Quarter.), Firestorm Below Suribachi (Seeking a cost that would force American negotions rather than fighting, the Japanese at Iwo Jima changed tactics and allowed 6,500 U.S. Marines a beachhead in the spongy volcanic sand, then began to mow them down.)
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October
1985

Espionage (Germany's Fraulein Doktor in Antwerp was an unusual spymaster.), Weaponry (For all its color and effectiveness, the cavalry finally had to give way to modern reality.), Personality (Jones was not his real name, but a fighting sea captain he was.), Books (America's early enemies did more to create a U.S. Navy than did its "friends" at home.), Travel (Following the Allied path to Rome past a famous roadblock: the Abbey Monte Cassino.), Survival Cannot Be Expected (In possibly the greatest of all sea battles, Leyte Gulf, the actions of the plucky Johnston materially aided the salvation of the seemingly hapless U.S. task force - Taffy 3.), Every Bayonet Bent or Bloodied (Knocking at London's very door few short months before, Bonnie Prince Charlie now had to rouse his fierce Highlanders for decisive confrontation at Culloden against the thoroughtly aroused English.), Rampaging Cavalry Raiders (Lincoln might think the Missouri territory secure, but Confederate cavalryman Jo Shelby was about to rip-snort for 41 days in effort to prove otherwise.), So Much Owed To So Few (An American-born veteran of the Battle of Britain recalls his six years in the RAF - and the time he landed two planes at once.)
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December
1985

Editorial, Espionage (In pursuit of turncoat Benedict Arnold, Washington dispatched a phony deserter.), Personality (Napoleon's Bravest of the Brave proved himself in the retreat from Russia.), Weaponry (The big railguns supplied by the U.S. Navy took a minute to reach their target.), Travel (Virginia's countryside, cities and towns echo the Civil War hauntingly.), Books (One way to have won in Vietnam would have been to focus U.S. deployment.), Salvation of Taylor's Little Army (At Buena Vista, Jefferson Davis, Zachary Taylor and Santa Ana each had a personal stake in the outcome. Braxton Bragg had his guns.), Legend Etched on Desert Sand (Wavering, the lieard tje big;er's unexpected order to charge. Eight U.S. Marines then obediently surged forward against the Arab defenders ahead.), Dig Until You are Safe (Callipoli was a cruel peninsula to the Allied troops who tried to storm it after naval assault on the prized Dardanelles failed to force passage. Every escalation was too little, to late.), No Beaches To Land On (Inchon was MacArthur's great gamble - no beaches, 30-foot ties, mudflats and like impediments only would guarantee the North Korean enemy's surprise, he calculated.)
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February
1986

Personality (From the age of 10 to his death at 64, Hannibal spent a lifetime at war), Espionage (America's late entry in World War I caught the U.S. with little intelligence capability), Weaponry (Majestic in appearance, the mighty battleship long was the greatest "weapon" of all), Travel (Churchill once slept here - in London;s underground War Cabinet Rooms), Books (Company K's chorus of voices speak for all who have experienced combat), Furious Front Across Finland (The mighty Russian war machine should overwhelm tiny Finland in a few days. After all, the hardy Finns had winter and a frozen contryside as their only allies), Masterpiece of Maneuver (Facing vastly superior Austrian numbers at Leuthen in Silesia, Frederick the Great reached into an ancient bag of tricks to mount his hoped surprise), All Hell Can't Stop Them (With U.S. Grant irritably asking who gave such order; the pent-up Army=of=the=Cumberland began climbing the steep slopes of Missionary Ridge, A disaster in the making, Grant anticipated.), Surviving The Death March (Americans and Filipino forces stubbornly holding out on Bataan upset the Japanese timetable of conquest, but then paid horrendous price - The Bataan Death March. A survivor remembers)
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June
1986

Espionage (Development of two weapons confused British efforts to track down Hitler's vengeance arsenal.), Personality (After providing the American Revolution his considerable engineering skils, this Polish hero returned to a peasant army armed with scythes.), Weaponry (Floating to the rescue of the beleagured Schutztruppe in German East Africa was the rigid airship L59.), Books (Rare is the oral history that builds a story, but here's one that does - with Korea the setting.), Travel (A bit of England in Carolina is the legacy of fallen warriors and allies from World War II.), Locked in Sinister Embrace (When French Admiral Villeneuve emerged from Cadiz with his 33 mammoth warships, Horatio Nelson awaited him with only 27, often smaller, ships-of-the-line. This was Trafalgar, where Nelson would break with naval tradition - and one of the two admirals would die.), Charge Most Regretted (Makeshift dogtags werre the concern of the Union soldiers on the eve of Cold Harbor, where Ulysses S. Grant would continue his strategy of bludgeoning Robert E. Lee's army - where the entrenched Lee could take advantage of every turn and twist of familiar ground.), Mutiny's Grim Reprisals (At Delhi, Cawnpore, Lucknow and many other points raged the weeks-long Sepoy Rebellion - every military advantage to the mutineers and terrifying acts of reprisal by both sides.), At War's Farthest End (In Burma during World War II, the odds against the Allies always were desperate. Accorded low priority and minimal supplies, the colorful commanders on the scene sometimes seemed as much at war with each other as with the jungle-wise Japanese.)
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August
1986

Editorial, Espionage (Overt confrontation was as much a part of Sidney Reilly's style as his more covert activity.), Personality (A king and military commander at age 15, Charles XII of Sweden soon earned his "madman" reputation.), Weaponry (The once popular grenade languished for nearly three centuries before coming back into vogue.), Travel (Not only cities, but empty beaches and the creeping jungle greet today's traveler to the battle sites of the Pacific War.), Books (Soaring eagles in their day, and no myth, were the warriors of the Black Sheep Squadron.), Reckless Pursuit Halted (His commander knew the Indians were waiting in ambush, but Capt. William Fetterman said to give him 80 good men and he'd ride through the whole Sioux Nation. The Sioux soon provided him the chance.), Nature Herself Murdered (At Verdun, marked by the greatest artillery barrage of World War I, the German plan was not so much to overrun the French bastion, but to bleed the enemy to death.), Advantage Sought on High Ground (Determined to avenge the shame of Laing's Nek, British Commander Colley thought he had the drop on the sharp-shooting Boers from atop Majuba Hill. For moments, he thought he had them on the run.), Daylight Run Through Deadly Skies (For the aircrews of the U.S. Eigth Air Force in Europe, no target was more dreaded than the flak-dominated refineries of Merseburg. The red yarn on the briefing map led them there anyway.
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October
1986

Espionage (The fall of the Phillappines meant a grim fate for Station 6, but SIGINT would go on anyway), Personality (Little did partisan raider John Singleton Mosby know that he just missed an unguarded carrying U.S. Grant as a passenger), Weaponry (Isasc Lewis couldn;t sell his own country on his machine gun, but that didn;t atrip its widespread adoption), Books (Britain's Lord Kitchener was another Horatio for the Emperor - and a poster too), Travel (Tiny Boncesvalles in the Pyrenees gave rise to the strip and legend of Roland) Sky Dark with Arrows *Their ranks already thinned at Harfleur, invading English King Henry V and 6,000 men hurried to apparent safety at Calais, only to encounter 40,000 French massed at Agincourt), Bold Gamble's Unexpected Crises (At Austerlitz in 1805, Napoleon seemed to risk one chance after another and provide his enemy far too many an advantage, At Austerlitz, Napoleon found one crisis after another, too), Escape From Hedgerow Country (At first, Omar Bradley's Operation Cobra seemed to sputter - how else, through could the Americans break free of the French hedgerows that had held them in check since D-Day), Pressed For Any Victory (The pressure was to act, and in response, the Allies hurriedly staged their Operation Torch. First, though, a secret submarine mission must determine the response of the French in North Africa)
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December
1986

Espionage (Jewish-born Eli Cohen was Israel's highly-placed man in Damascus.), Weaponry *The spin of a ship's wheel may have been inspiration for Sam Colt;s famous revolver.), Personality (The rose was her emblem, and the Russian Yak fighter her catapult to wartime fame,), Travel (A visiting Englishman's musings by the River of Death at Chickamauga.), Books (Jeb Stuart's cavalier style was overtaken by the tragedy of war and a cause that was lost.), Legendary Wake of Terror (With Union warships menacing Vicksburg on the Mississippi, a curious-looking Rebel "box" steamed out to do battle one hot July morning in 1862. In her wake, the CSS Arkansas would leave a legend.), Driven to Constant Combat (Overage "Mick" Mannock first struck his squadron mates in France as a coward in combat. None knew he was half-blind. No German pilot later would have suspected such handicap either.), Horsemen of Cruel Cunning (The Mongols had planned a campaign of two decades to subdue 13th-century Europe, but in Hungary stiff opposition awaited the horsemen from the East. Undeterred, the Mongols laid their careful plans anyway.), Surprise Launch at Dawn (In the air above, the Japanese air commander saw his target, the Pacific Fleet. On toward the battleship Nebraska, young Ensign Joe Taussig prepared for the morning flag-raising, then noticed a low-flying torpedo plane.)
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February
1987

Espionage (The prisoner in a castle at Ham was no emperor, but he had his dreams.), Personality (Fred Burnaby, "Strongman of the British Army", was the Victorian ideal.), Weaponry (Paperclads, tinclads and bulldogs were the interwar curisers of the world.), Books (John Gregory Bourke was a U.S. cavalry officer who studied the Indian as an anthropologist.), Travel (As surviving POWs could attest, there really was a bridge over the River Kwai.), Rifles Thrown as Spears (Whether called the "Mule Shoe" or "Bloody Angle", the salient in Confederate lines at Spotsylvania soon became the worst fight of a long war. Men used rifles as spears and clubs.), Fiery Collision in River Confines (Panic ruled the streets of London as a Dutch fleet wrought havoc at the mouth of the historically-inviolate Thames. They crashed a river-chain and sank all ships before them, it seemed.), Relentless Mechanized Assault (Spearheaded by their neophyte tanks, The British at Cambrai easily smashed through the Hindenburg Line. But did the church bells in England ring celebration too soon?), Headfirst Into Underground Battle (In the Viet Cong's tunnels, Herbert Thornton held his automatic to one enemy's face and backed him up. "When we got out, I found that I had backed out 54 people".)
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April
1987

Editorial, Espionage (Could it be that Stalin, arch Bolshevik, once worked for the Czar's secret police?), Weaponry (With different purpose, the ancient cata[i;t os sto;; wotj is tpdau.), Personality (At Cowpens, "Old Wagoner" Daniel Morgan displayed his tactical genius against Banastre Tarleton.), Travel (From its start in 1565, St. Augustine would be a focal point of attack.), Books (Frederick the Great encompassed many discernible talents and yet remained elusive in character.), One Man's Own War (Every soldier has his own story, some eventful, some not...here is the story of one GI and his adventures great and small from UTSH Beach to the Huertgen Forest.), Perfectly Terrible Encounter (In 1864, the forts surrounding Richmond as a protective collar could be penetrated by forces moving wilh all speed, U.S. Grant calculated. His men did quickly capture Fort Harrison...but then came a series of blunders.), Dual Disastrer at Sea (It was Britain's Empire Day as HMS Hood closed upon the German Bismarck. In 21 minutes, one ship would be sunk, the other on its way to a similar fate.) Imperial Interest Protected (The press and even Sir Garnet Wolseley's own staff were duped into believing the British landing in Egypt in 1862 would be at Aboukit Bay.Eolseley had another idea entirely.)
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June
1987

Editorial, Espionage (Southern sympathizer Rose Greenhow was remarkably blatant in her spying.), Personality (The Ultimate Infantryman was the sharpshooter from the Tennessee hills who met - and fought - the Hun in the Argonne.), Weaponry (Fort Pulaski appeared impregnable - until Union gunners opened up with rifled cannons.), Travel (Lovely Evesham in the English Cotswolds once was the scene of historic strife in the Barons' War.), Books (The ill-equipped and poorly trained Army units that foundered against the Chinese in Korea may have enabled the Marines to escape Chosin intact.), Hammering Havana's Walls (Not all in England expected that Admiral Pocock's powerful fleet could subdue fortified Havana...and not all really wanted such a victory over the Spanish.), Shocking Triumph at Sea (In the greatest naval battle since Trafalgar, the slow Russian warships floundered badly, but their gunners found a mark among the Japanese ships besieging them in Tsushima Strait. The Japanese, however, did not flounder.), Not Men But Devils (At a ruined hacienda in Mexico, a handful of Foreign Legionnaires wrote a hallowed page in military history as they faced a relentless enemy force 50 times their number.), Final Island Assault (As the final land campaign of the Pacific War, Okinawa took 82 days to conquer - seemingly a bloody prelude to the anticipated invasion of Japan itself.)
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August
1987

Editorial, Weaponry (To conquer the island empire of the Aztecs, Hernando Cortes built himself a small navy.), Personality (Known as "The Good Knight", William Marshal of England, was considered the greatest fighting man of his age.), Espionage (:Blinker" Hall's speciality in naval intelligence was fooling the enemy's agents on land and his ships at sea.), Travel (The universal "warbird" of the ages may be the lowly and genteel pigeon.), Books (As Marshals of the Empire, Napoleon's chief lieutenants were both dazzling and sometimes flawed.), Desperate Victory Overshadowed (Ligny would have been a milestone victory of the Napoleonic wars, if only Waterloo hadn't followed just two days later. At Ligny, even Napoleon feare for his normally ascendant star.), Sunday Morning Ambush (As the isolated American infantrymen rose for breakfast in the Philippines, they still were shocked at news of President McKinley's assissination. In seconds there would be a worse shock - an ambush by hundreds of bolo-swinging natives.), Gallant Last Ride (The Union general reined in his horse so abruptly, it skidded on its haunches. He politely tipped his hat to the Rebel skirmishers pouring from the nearby woods, then spurred his mount forward.), No Room For Retreat (For the Americans and SOuth Koreans bottled up in the Pusan Perimeter, there could be no more withdrawals or "readjustments of the line".
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October
1987

Editorial, Personality (A warrior without rest, Ranald Mackenzie was one of the U,S, Army's greatest "horse soldiers".), Espionage (If the kidnap attempts succeeded, the unpopular British general could be prime barter for a prisoner exchange.), Weaponry (Many have been the ruses of siege warfare through the centuries, but among them digging always has had its place.), Travel (In Greece, the pass at Thermopylae may look different, but it still tells its tale of stoic heroism.), Books (Lawrence of Arabia, for all that has been written about him, still remains today an enigmatic figure - a man of secret lives.), Advance to Bloody Collision (Three crowned heads of state were on hand to lead their respective armies at Solferino in northern Italy - where it turned out the Austrian host was not really retreating after all,), Challenge for Heavenly Rebellion (In 19th-century China, the once ragtag Ever Victorious Army was charged with subduing the 15-year rebellion led by a "Heavenly King". In the campaign that followed, "Chinese" Gordon earned his sobriquet.), Survival by Stubborn Defense (Both the French and the Spanish were determined to prove that British-held Gibraltar was not impregnable after all. Boockade, assault by fireships and barrages by floating artillery batteries marked a siege lasting four years.), Before Invasions Commence (When the invasion armada draws up to the enemy coast and the landing barges begin their run to shore, someone has gone ahead even of the first wave.)
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December
1987

Editorial, Personality (An emperor who never really was, Julius Causar went to extraordinary lengths to beat Gaul - and Rome.), Weaponry (Given a "bad rap" during World War II, the Sherman tank may have been the greatest armored vehicle.), Espionage (During the Great Indian Mutiny of 1857, "Lucknow" Kavanagh took his chances among the rebel sepoys.), Books (Smashing Nazi Germany's Eastern Front was the job - and triumph - of Stalin;s assorted marshals.), Travel (The search for evidence of King Arthur and his legendary court leads to England's West Country.), Final Test of Courage (A dangerous gap looming in the center of his advancing line, Confederate General Breckinridge agonized, but had to commit his reserves - the cadets of Virginia Military Institute.), Ship of Misery and Ruin (The Royal Navy's epic chase of the German battle cruiser Goeben would alter the entire course of World War I. Beating toward the Dardenelles, Goeben's skipper was determined to force the Turks into the war against Russia.), Fight Left Unfinished (Attacked immediately after Pearl Harbor, tiny Wake Island gave stinging account of itself - but in time fell to an overwhelming invading force.), Needed Rounds Denied (Cresting a hill, the British scouts suddenly found the entire Aulu army spread before them. The African warriors turned as one in hot pursuit - all the way to the base camp at Isandhlwana.)
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February
1988

Weaponry (The Union balloonists of the Civil War created a highly effective corps downed only by internal squabbling.), Personality ("Kaiser Bill" would be remembered more for his bellicose statements than his often repeated claims to be a man of peace.), Espionage (By their raid on Monticello, the British dragoons hoped to capture the lingering owner - and author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson.), Travel (At some of the old airfields in East Anglia are nostalgic reminders of World War II's "Mighty Eighth".), Books (Both for Japan and Germany in World War II, oil became a most essential commodity.), Timber's Protective Shield (In wave after wave, the British and their Coloniel brethren stormed the barriers barring their way into Fort Ticonderoga. French General Montcalm liked the pathway his enemy had chosen.), Error Through Division (At Sedan, Napoleon III's France gathered all, gambled all...as Prussian Chancellor Bismarck watched from his hillside vantage point.), Violent Summit Encounter (Among the U.S. Mountaineers deployed to Italy was a German native well-used to the mountaineering tradition. In Italy, U.S. mountain troops would meet their far more experienced German counterparts.), Stressed to Breaking Point (At Blenheim, John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, counted upon his enemy to rush reinforcements to the wings and leave the center open to his main attack. His commanders at either wing soon became heavily involved, the outcome uncertain.)
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June
1988

Editorial, Espionage (As possibly the last in "the Great Game", Frederick Bailey was as elusive as the rare butterflies that he often collected.), Weaponry (Deadly silent, and a total suprise, was this warship's delivery from her "dynamite gun".), Personality (The Viking king from Norway struck England just in time for the Norman conquest.), Travel (Rescued from the deep and now under restoration is Sweden's 17th-century warship Vasa.), Books (A master military historian switches from the ordinary soldier's view of battle to the crucible of command in battle.), Deadly Diving Accuracy (On the Burma Front, Arthur Murland Gill proved his squadron's Vultee Vengeance dive-bombers could hit the Japanese with great precision, even in the trackless jungle.), Fleets Threating Approach (Bearing down on England was Spain's "Invincible Armada" its leaders wedded to traditional strategy of closing-in board. The revolutionary English would try standing off and using sea artillery.), Someone Shot First (Whoever fired that first shot at Lexington, a British officer was heard to yell at his troops:"Fire! Fire! Damn you, fire!". And they did.), Lion's Tail Touched ("Little Mac" McCellan stepped on the "Lion's Tail" when he hastened to catch up with the withdrawing Confederates at Williamsburg early in the Civil War. The resulting battle was a test for little-known officers soon to emerge as major figures of the war.)
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August
1988

Espionage (The thing about Union "soldier" Franklin Thompson was that she was a spy and a male impersonator.), Personality (Even at his own low ebb, Napoleon still grieved for his Marshal Lannes.), Weaponry (The man who generoulsy spared George Washington's life had created a rifle that might possibly have tipped the Revolution's scales another way.), Travel (Many were the national flags that flew over the Pensacola Forts at one time or another.), Books (Smedley Butler, winner of two Medals of Honor, was a very complex man.), Every Man a General (In the "Soldier's Battle", colonels fought like subalterns, captains like privates, as mere parties of the British met the fierce advance of Russian columns in the ravines of Inkerman in the Crimea.), Field Swept by Lance (On the plains of Carrabobo, a final battle for Simon Bolivar would determine the political fate of Venezuela - and the "Great Liberator" of South America's history.), Order to Desist Ignored (The adversaries were reluctant ones as Horatio Nelson trained his guns on the Danish ships at Copenhagen, but the European turmoil created by Napoleon's ambitions led to their pounding one another anyway.), Ambush in Hostile Skies (In 1943, a daring aerial rendezvous brought down the Japanese admiral who was the architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Now, more than 45 years later, controversy rages as to exactly who shot down Isoroku Yamamoto.)
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October
1988

Editorial, Weaponry (The Egyptian blow against an Israeli vessel opened an entirely new era in naval warfare.(, Espionage (Queen Elizabeth's spymaster developed a network and foiled many a plot aimed at his queenly soverign.), Personality (A scourge to the Virginia Colony was Powharan's half-brother - "he whose soul is white".), Travel (George Washington's many travels and stays, West Point to New York City, fondly recalled.), Books (Antietam gave the North a victory of still-lasting significance.), Pathway to Retreat Ignored (The goal of the Texans in 18 minutes of battle at San Jacinto was more than simple victory over the troops of Santa Ana, but to "remember the Alamo". Sam Houston, a colossus of the Southwest frontier would show them how.), Siege by Blunder (At Malta, the besieging Turks seemed to have all the advantages - b ut the Knights of St. John fought on anyway._, Escape Hatch Found (Escaping the POW camp in Italy was one thing, but achieving survival - managing to fight on - in a wartorn land of partisans, occupiers and native Fascists was another thing altogether.), Royal Aspirations Crushed (At Sedgemoor, James Scott, Duke of Monmough, say his hopes for a kingdom barred by a simple - but unmeasured - ditch.)
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December
1990

Savage Land Beckoning (While Spanish conquistadores were exploring and conquering the Neww World across the western ocean, a band of Cossacks boldly invaded the vast, hostile but econimically alluring steppes of Siberia.), Four Months On Hell Island (Adding to the misery of the U.S. Marines on Guadalcanal was the Japanese artillery commander they called "Pistol Pete". Years later, he would become good friends with many of his former enemies.), Relief Repeatedly Halted (While the diplomats in Peking's Legation Quarter fought for their lives, a multinational force struggled against rampaging Boxers, Imperial Chinese troops and time to come to their rrelief.), Glory To The Infantry (The unexpected climax to the Battle of Minden came when two brigades of British infantry marched unsupported into the French center - and into the face of a savage cavalry onslaught.), Weaponry (Equally at home at sea or on rivers, longships allowed the Vikings to plunder Europe with alarming efficiency.), Personality (After Appomattox, Robert E. Lee encouraged patience and reconciliation, while avoiding the political arena.), Espionage (Captured by a U-boat, the young U.S. Naval Lieutenant acquired vital information he knew he must bring to the allies.), Books (The "Myth of the War Experience" helped open the door to a new, ever more devasting, world war.), Travel (Vienna's dynastic treasures range from Charlemagne's crown to Archduke Franz Ferdinand's open-air car.)
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February
1991
Editorial, Espionage (The "French Lady" who came aboard the Baltimore packer St. Nicholas was realy from Maryland - and she was no lady.), Personality (Considered for command of the British Army, Sir Arthur Currie;s achievements were given less appreciation byhis fellow Canadians.), Weaponry (Whether for French heavy cavalry or Beja tribesmen, it took extra-ordinary courage and fortitude to break a British square.), Books (The legacy of the Huns, Vikings and Mongols was not exclusively destrictive.), Travel (Bastogne preserves memories of two world wars, but most notably the lore of the Battle of the Bulge.), Limits to Resistance Weighed (For a Pole caught between the equally brutal forces of Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia, sheer survival was often the only possible form of resistance.), Decisive Victory Let Go (General George Wasshington's tactics at Long Island cost him a battle, butGeneral William Howe's strategy cost him the opportunity to win the war.), Battlers Becalmed (Hobbled by inflexible orders, French Admiral Tourville had no choice but accept odds of more than 2-to-1 - and came tantalizingly close to reprising his greatest triumph of the previous year.), Beyond Chivalry's Code (King Philip II of France perceived little threat from England's inept King John, but at Bouvines in 1214 he faced John's formidable ally, Emperor Otto IV, with heavy odds against France's continuing existence.)
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April
1991

Editorial, Personality (When Queen Zenobia of ancient Palmyra set her ambitions on conquering nearby Egype, she was not about to let the Roman Empire stand in her way), Espionage (Lambert Wickes' first assignment was to convey Benjamine Franklin to France. Once in France, Franklin struggled to keep Wickes there.), Weaponry (Hunters swore by the Canadian Ross rifle. At Ypres in 1915, Canadian soldiers swore at it.), Books (Heroism and horror were both afforded striking portrayal in the at of World War II.), Travel (In 1776, HMS Rose terrorized the coast of New England. In the 1990's, a new Rose sails to entertain and educate), Faint Smile in Defeat (England's Counterarmada of 1596 was intended to thwart a possible second invasion attempt by Apain, but just as important to Queen Elizabeth was the loot to be taken from Cadiz.), Torpedoed at Sea (As a sailor aboard the American cruiser Helena, Ted Blahnik safely came through both Pearl Harbor and Guadalcanal. Then came the Battle of Kula Gulf in July 1943 - and the young seaman found himself engaged in an uncompromising life-and-death struggle with the sea itself.), "Decisive" Battle Follows Peace (The Treaty of Ghent had been signed, but neigher Maj. Gen. Sir Edward Packenham's Redcoats nor General Andrew Jackson's 'dirty shirts" knew about it as they squared off for the War of 1812's final battle.), Open Road Barred (In April 1951 - 40 years ago - British and Belgian troops of the 29th Commonwealth Brigade were poised to take part in a U,N. advance toward Korea's 38th Parallel.)
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June
1991

Espionage (A story lies behind this unkempt grave, a story of deceit and betrayal and coverup on grand scale. The Dreyfus story! J'Accuse.), Weaponry (The long rifle often tipped the scales for the Patriot-frontiersment of the Revolutionary War.), Personality (The English visitor was doing fine as a Confederate cavalry advisor...but his further adventures went far afield indeed!), Books (Let us not forget that in that rockets' red glare ws the manifestation of a weapon that already was "old".), Travel (Elegant and historic today in the one-time home in Washington, D.C., of short-lived American hero Stephen Decatur.), Giant Repeatedly Thwarted (First once, then twice, little Serbia turned back the invading giant in World War I...but could her peasant armies withstand a third pummeling by mighty Austria that same year?), Yank in the RAF (Brewster Morgan left a nation at peace to become one of the first Americans to go to war against Nazi Germany. He flew with the Royal Air Force...then just missed the Great Escape.), One Campaign Too Many (For years, Napoleon's much-favored child of victory was Andre Massena. But then came the bitter campaign of the Iberian Peninsula in 1810 and 1811.), Bullets Could Not Miss (In the wastelands of Central Sudan, the religious zealot called the Mahdi awaited the bumbling, ill-trained Egyptian army led by British General William Hicks. Another "Last Stand" was in the making.)
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Temporarily
Sold Out

August
1991

Personality (In 1915, the British expected to quickly defeat Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck and his "damned kaffirs." In 1918 they were still trying.), Espionage (A hessian turncoat switched sides again to help the British in their raid on a "nest of rebel pirates."), Weaponry (Ramses III had a problem - raiders from the sea. His solution was to build Egypt's first seagoing navy.), Books (While Stalin saw the error in his relationship with his generals, Hitler was coming to an opposite conclusion.), Travel (From the revolution to the present, Fort Benning preserves the American infantrymn's long, proud heritage.), Surgery in the Field (As the Chinese Fifty-third Army fought its way up Snow Mountain, the staff of the American 22nd Field Hospital that accompanied it found themselves running short of medical equipment and even rations.), Survival of the Strong (King Otto's Germans and Lel's Magyar raiders had narrowly missed each other in 954 AD, but the Magyar siege of Augsburg a year laterset the Saxon king and the eastern invaders firmly on a collision course.), Naked Sword in Hand (While Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott's small army marched on Mexico City, a flabbergasted Duke of Wellington exclaimed to a friend: "Scott is lost! He cannot capture the city and he cannot fall back on his base!"), Battle at Flood Tide (As a fresh reserve of Australian grenadiers massed outside Essling, French General Jean Rap suggested to General G. Mouton: "Let's charge them with the bayonet. If it comes off, we;ll both get the credit; if it doesn't, I'll take the blame.")
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October
1991

Espionage (The attack on Pearl Harbor should not have been so utterly unanticipated. It was certainly not without precedent.), Personality (Perhaps more profound than his alleged religious conversion was the chargtes Constantine made in his army.), Weaponry (While the "75" represented French genius on the World War I battlefield, Germany applied its genius to more strategis artillery.), Books (Frederick the Great once said, "It is no disgrace to be defeated." Provided one learns from the experience.), Travel (Polish destroyer-in-exile Blyskawica joined the Royal Navy in order to fight her way home.), Ancient Tactics Tested (Having overcome the Alps, King Francis I donned his custom-fitted armor and readied his state-of-the-art artillery to tackle an equally formidable mountain adversary - Swiss pikemen.), Regiment's Pride (The last German push of World War I found Captain Hamilton Fish's K Company, 369th Infantry, in the "post of honor". "The enemy seemed to be all around us," recalled Fish, "coming from every direction."), Besieged By Thieves (On January 18, 1671, a Spanish army of 3,600 faced an invasion force of 1,200 not-so-common criminals. Despite the odds, the attackers were not about to quit; they'd come too far, endured too much - and there was so much wealth to be gained if they won.), Shogunate Defied (When Commander David S. McDougal's steam sloop Wyoming took time out from fighting the American Civil War to drop anchor in Yokohama, he found another domestic struggle brewing in Japan - one in which he was going to get very much involved.)
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April
1992

Espionage (Before he became the first scoutmaster, Lord Robert Stephenson Baden-Powell was a skillful spymaster.), Personality (Herman Haupt saw a universe of precise harmonies, with God as its engineer - a "theology" that he wished to apply to the Union Army.), Weaponry (Born during the Boer War, the Lee Enfield evolved in the crucible of 20th-century warfare.), Books (The Crimean War caught Great Britain in the first stage of army reform,), Travel (Suddenly, the serene resort town was abustle with activity - bellicose preparations for the Great Invasion.), Outcome Ruled by Guile (Despite his numerical superiority over the British at Plassey, Nawab Suraj-ud-Daula felt abandoned and despondent when a thief was caught emerging hiw tent. "Already they see me dead," he exclaimed wearily.), Siege Without Reprieve (Told by Emperor Constantine XI's envoys thaat his fort across the Bosphorus was unacceptable, Turkish Sultan Mohammed II replied, "I shall have every ambassador impaled who dares henceforth to come to me with such a message!"), Life On The Edge (As a crewman aboard the submarine Sailfish, Thomas R. Parks endured his share of depth-charge attacks: "It was a helpless feeling...I was scared and anyone who tells you they weren't is lying."), Horsemen With Bayonets (The Australians' horses had not had water for nearly two days, and Beersheba's defenders were planning to blow up its wells. Drawing their bayonets and holding them like swords, the Aussie light-horsemen charged.), Steadfast Were The Intruders (As masses of Chinese Black Flags poured over the ruptured walls of Tuyen Quang, Sgt. Maj. Edmond Husband, limping from an earlier wound, rushed forward to meet them, calling out, "A moi, la Legion!")
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June
1992

Espionage (George Washington understood the value of gaining information - and of giving his enemies the wrong information.), Personality (One of Napoleon's oldest friends went down in history as his most infamous betrayer.), Weaponry (The Romans developed a means of taking their expertise in land warfare out to sea.), Books ("Gentlemen, do not read each other's mail," Henry L. Stimson said in the 1920's. But spies do.), Travel (The castles of South Wales contain much history within their walls - and in the walls themselves.), Supply Route at Risk (As sheets of Chinese gunfire drove the vanguard of L. Col. Douglas B. Drysdale's relief column to ground, a cry went up:"Grenade" Private First Class William Baugh threw himself on top of it.), Reds Versus Whites (In a scene more reminiscent of 1815 than 1920, White Russian cavalrymen charged, sabers drawn, at the Hungarian Communist Bela Kun Regiment, awaiting them in square formation.), Command Shift Dictated (Severely wounded at Chancellorsville, Stonewall Jackson could offer scant advice to the cavalier who took over his command: "Say to General Stuart he must do what he thinks best."), No Mile Runs Here (Moments after the B-17s bombs fell, the ball-turret gunner yelled: "Hey, skipper, there's a B-24 under us and the rear end just folded up...we're over a bunch of B-24s. They are all over the place!"), Duke's Oath Defied (For one afternoon, the fate of Rennes - and perhaps the future of France - seemed to center around a single combat, as an English nobleman and a Breton warlord faced each other in the town square of Dinan.)
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August
1992

Editorial, Letters, Espionage (In 1253, a corpulent friar set out to go where no European army would dare go - to the court of the Mongol Khan,), Personality (Mikhail Skobelev believed that a leader's function was to lead, and he did so at the head of his troops while prominently dressed in white.), Weaponry (The Monitor's progeny went on to make history of their own.), Books (Philip H. Sheridan was a brilliant - but ruthless - general.), Travel (Hadrian's Wall was built to "seperate the Romans from the barbarians".), Day of the Storm Trooper (Colonel Georg Bruchmiller had composed a special Wagnerian symphony for the Allies on March 21, 1918 - combining pricise combinations of poison gas and high explosives.), Enemy Hidden in Bush (hen Sir Henry Smith warned the hostile Xhosa tht shiploads of troops could be in South Africa in four days, one of their chiefs pointedly asked if he had any ships that could sail into the Amatola Mountains.), High Ground at Stake (Seeing his men panicking from a rumor that he had been killed, Duke William raised his helmet and shouted: "Look at me well! I am still alive and by the grace of God I shall yet prove victor">), Ghost Front Attack (SS Ohersturmbadinfurer Joachim Peiper was not pleased to learn that three assaults by German paratroops had been thrown back near Lanzerath. He would have been less pleased to learn that 18 Americans had defended the place.), War on Grand Scale (In the years that followed the Franco-Prussian War, veteran painters like Edouard Detaille and Alphonse de Neuville turned defeat on the battlefield into artistic triumph in the Paris Salon.)
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October
1992

Editorial, Letters, Espionage (By the end of the 6th century, the Eastern Roman Empire had indeed mastered the art of Byzantine intrigue.), Personality (Josef Radetzky had his finest hour at the age of 82.), Weaponry (The U.S. Army considered the M-1 Garand a vast improvement over the old M-1903 Springfield. The Marines were not as easily convinced.), Books (Robert Whitehead invented everything connected with the torpedo - except for its name.), Travel (Two belles still reside in Memphis: Margaret Polk and the Boeing B-17F bomber whose nickname she inspired.), Foray Called Off (A reconnaissance of the east slope of the Zirkaberg Heights outside of Prague revealed it to be nearly devoid of Austrian troops. But the Prussian commanders failed to take the extensive marshland into consideration.), Behind Opposing Guns (For more than 65 years, John Ziehl and Ernie Zickrick have been the best of friends.Not until 1991 did they discover that they had once been enemies...back in 1918.), Shells and Saber Points (The objective of Union Brig. General Alfred Pleasonton's cavalry in mid-June 1963 was to find out what General Robert E. Lee was up to. Major General Jeb Stuart's job was to deny the Yankees that vital information.), Proud Regiments Routed (As the British approached Ulundi, war correspondent Archibald Forbes placed 100-to-1 odds that the Zulus would not fight. Then, suddenly, they appeared as if by magic from the tall grass - 20,000 strong.), Sandbag Redoubt Defended ("Inherited" from the Turks, Sandbag Castle, jutting vulnerably into North orean territory, was a source of both irritation and perverse pride to its American defencders, the Wolfhounds of the 27th Infantry.)
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February
1993

Espionage (The "Rogue of Redding" spied for both sides during the Revolutionary War - but to whose ultimate benefit?), Personality (Faced with betrayal and exile by the Russians, Shamyl of Daghestaan escaped - and swore grim revenge.), Weaponry (Early biochemical warfare was based on what worked - without necessarily knowing how it worked.), Books (In contrast to other countries, Canada's attitude toward her heroes is modest to a fault.), Travel (The meeting place for the planners of the new European Community has seen more than its share of armed strife.), Return Home Doubtful (Struck by a German shell, the machine guns on the cruiser Vindictive fell silent. Marine Sergeant Norman Finch then dragged himself from the debris, clawed his way to a sandbagged railing, found an operable weapon and resumed firing.), Sweltering Summer Collision (Hemmed in from both flanks and from the rear by Confederates, Brig. Gen. George A. Custer circled his men frontier-style and prepared to hold on for dear life until the U.S. Cavalry could arrive.), Stinging Defeat Suffered (The redcoats of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock were expecting an easy conquest of Fort Duquesne when their guides rushed up screaming, "The enemy" just 200 yards away, the French were equally shocked.), Besiegers Besieged (Hard-pressed by the Gallic onslaught, Titus Labienus urgently called for reinforcements. Gathering all the troops he had left, Julius Caesar made himself conspicuous in his red cloak as he personally led them to Labienus' aid.), Fateful Mission Numbers ("Our entire formation probably stretched 60 miles back", recalled engineer-gunner Leonard Pearson, "Suddenly four Me-262 jets hit the group behind us. And then one came straight toward us from the right. We cut loose."
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April
1993

Personality (After success at Asculum, Pyrrhus of Epirus remarked, "Another such victory over the Romans and we are undone."), Espionage (In Tibet to stop Russian intrigues, Francis E. Younghusband recalled, "The thrill of adventure again ran through my veins."), Weaponry (When WWI broke out, the German Far East Squadron was far from home, isolated, vulnerable - and dangerous.), Books (General Douglas MacArthur's "sense of complete security" in the Philippines was shattered in a single day.), Travel (World War II in the Pacific is commemorated inland - at the hometown of Texas-born Chester W. Nimitz.), Impossible Campaign Attempted (As General Wiofield Scott's surfboats moved toward Collado Beach, each crew strained at the oars to be the first to reach the shore. Ahead of them lay a more crucial race - to capture Veracruz before the yellow fever season set in.), Spearhead Beyond Control (The Battle of Grandson would be determined by cohesion and discipline. Could the Duke of Burgandy maintain control of his multinational army? Could the Swiss captains and sergeants curb the vengeful anger of their troops.), The GI's Journal (Contrary to popular belief, former front line reporter Andy Rooney insists that The Stars and Stripes was not anti-officer. "Our dredo was than an officer got the same treatment in the paper as the GIs".), Traitor or Scapegoat? (In October 1870, Marshal Francois Achille Bazaine surrendered his disease-riddled Army of the Rhine at Metz. In 1873, he found himself on trial for his life - for incompetence and high treason.)
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August
1993

Crusade's Strange Twist (After repulsing the crusaders' assault on April 9, 1204, Byzantine Emperor Alexius V (the third Emperor Alexius in a year) delclared to his people (I am the best emperor you have ever had. I will dishonor and hang them all."), Fighter Pilot's Paradise (On June 3, 1942, Italian pilot Fahero Gelli found himself alone over Malta, attacked by seven Supermarine Spitfires. "I whipped my Macchi around, firing all over the place." he recalled. The next thing I knew a Spitfire was going down, smoking.), Steady, Boys, Steady! (Captain David G. Farragut's decision to dash past the two forts guarding the approach to New Orleans was complicated by a barricade of chained hulks accross the Mississippi and a polyglot collection of Confederate warships.), Boers' Worst Enemies (Surrounded at Elands River and urged to surrender by the Boers, the British colonel replied "Even if I wished to surrencer to you - and I don't - I am commanding Australians who would cut my throat if I accepted your offer"), Unsung War Artists (Aficionados of military art have praised the "patriotic" works of French, British and American military painters while labelingthe less widely viewed works of German Artists "militaristic".), Perspectives (When Johann Sebastian Bach visited Potsdam in 1747, he found King Frederick the Great ready to talk music), Personality (In 1841, Sweden entered the war against Napoleon - led by one of the French Emperor;s former marshals.), Weaponry (Too poor to bear arms, the rowers of Athenian triremes strained to turn their ships into deadly weapons.), Espionage (On April 30, 1945, Adolph Hitler committed suicide - just as the OSS had predicted.), Books (Whether as freedom fighters or oppressors, the exuberant Cossacks did nothing in half measures.), Travel (Henry VIII divorced his wife - then fortified the English coast against invasion)
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December
1993

Espionage (The arrival of the cargo submarine Deutschland in Baltimore touched off a propaganda war between Germany and Britain on American soil.), Personality (James A. Garfield dismissed Brig. Gen. John B. Turchin's sack of Athens, Ala., as merely "a Moscovite custom".), Weaponry (The Polish winged hussar was a beritable weapons system on horseback.), Perspectives (Chaplain Emil Kapaun prayed to St. Dismas, the Good Thief, for guidance as he stole food for his fellow POWs.), Books *The obsession of Texans with anything bearing their state;s name saved a historic battlefield for posterity.), Travel (An oft-overlooked museum in London's Wellington Barracks holds the story behind the changing of the guard.), Russia's Women of War (Russia came to appreciate the contribution of its women combat pilots during World War II. At a recent reunion, American ferry pilots of the period were equally appreciative.), Hold One More Night (In the process of driving off Chinese infiltrators near Chipyong-mi, Corporal Charles Sherwood was wounded and his machine gun destroyed, but he refused to be evacuated, exclaiming "Where would I go anyway?), Conquest Kept Joyless (By November 14, 1912, Napoleon's Grande Armee was retreating from a burned and usless Moscow and being pursued by several Russian armies in freezing temperatures. "And", wrote his valet, Wairy Constant, "we were still very far from France.", Victory With Bitter Aftermath (Engulfed by a long, undulating wave of charging Serbs, The Turkish left flank at Kosovo began to disintegrate. Learning of the disaster, Bayezid, first-born of the Ottoman sultan, wheeled from the Turkish right to lead a desperate counterattack.), River Passage Sought (To advance up the Paraguay River, a reluctant Brazilian navy would have to deal with the fierce Paraguayan defenders of Humaita, touted as the "Sebastopol of the Americas."
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August
1994

Weaponry (Under a castle-like church in a picturesque German town, something was "cooking" - uranium.), Espionage (Little did British General Charles Cornwallis suspect that the slave he employed as a spy was already working for the other side.), Perspectives (A former French emperor reaches back over the centuries to analyze Julius Caesar;s Commentaries on the Gallic War, By Napoleon Bonaparte.), Reviews (Some of Military History's contributors have gone on to bigger things - as the authors of books.), Personality (Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haid claimed "I have only been the instrument to carry out the Almighty's intentions".), Travel (Once "caught in the backwash" of history, Fort Hudson is now one of the best preserved Civil War battlefields.), Victory Never To Be Forgotten (Long after Sir Arthur Wellesley had become the Duke of Wellington, long after his triumphs in Spain and at Waterloo, he was asked to cite the best thing he had ever done in battle. Withoug hesitation, he replied, "Assaye".), Sent Into Action Unprepared (The B-24 aircrews of the 449th Bomb Group paid a heavy price for their inadequate training. "In a little less than six months" recalled navigator Don Currier, "of the 17 crews that I went overseas with, 10 were shot down."), Generals at Odds (James Longstreet disagreed with General Robert E. Lee's decision to attack at Gettysburg: "If the enemy is there, it will be because he is anxious that we should attack him - a good reason, in my judgement, for not doing so.'), Rout Finally Achieved (By August 11, 1950, North Korea attackers were infiltrating all around Yongsan. "There are dozens of enemy and American forces all over the area," remarked one American regimental commander, "and they are surrounding each other."), Illustrating War (In 1190 BC, Pharaoh Ramses III was concerned with depicting his enemies being slaughtered and scattered. In 1982 AD, Prince Andrew just wanted his role in the Falklands War portrayed as it was - no more, no less.)
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December
1994

Editorial, Personality (Lieutenaunt General John Monash made up for a lack of flair with an engineer's detailed approach to battle tactics), Weaponry (Conditioned to fight from birth, the Spartan hoplite was a lethal weapon in himself), Espionage (Before the Mexican War broke out, a Marine in mufti helped lay the groundwork for the American invasion of California), Perspectives (After establishing China as a sea power in Asia, Admiral Cheng Ho set sail westward, for points unknown), Reviews (Ejected from Georgetown College for a secessionist speeches, Thomas N. Conrad soon returned to Washington D.C. - as a Rebel spy), Travel (Organized in 1741, the Artillery Company of Newport, R.I. evolved into a respository for America's military past), Militaria Marketplace, Bastogne Belatedly Besieged (At VIII Corps headquarters, Brig. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliff assured his commander, Maj. Gen. Troy H. Middleton, that his paratroopers could hold Bastogne. Middleton promised his support and added, "Now don't get yourself surrounded, Troy"), Wargaming's Widening World (From such deceptively simple ancient games as Chinese Go and Indian Chaturanga, the art of simulating war and strategy on a board has acquired ever-increasing levels of sop[histication and realism), Stung By Mosquitoes (After a ragtag Confederate fleet managed to chase off a Yankee squadron, New Orleans' Daily Picayune trumpeted: "This will rank with the most brilliant and daring achievements of the war". But the war was only six months old), Revolutionary Upheaval Survived (After completing his education between engagements with the Bolsheviks, Alexander Dubrovolsky served as an officer of engineers in Admiral Alexander Kolchak's White Russian Army), Daring Rescue Deep In Iraq (With Iraqi troops closing in, Special Forces Sgt. 1st Class Robert M. DeGroff requested fighter pilot Captain Bill Andrews to drop his bombs within 100 meters of his position, then shouted to his men "Take cover...! This is going to be close!")
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April
1995

Editorial, Personality (As he faced the barbarian forces, Byzantine General Nurses was prepared to use his cavalry - but not in the traditional fashion.), Espionage (Disregarding readily available intelligence on the Aulu army, Lord Chelmsford led his British invasion force to disaster.), Weaponry (Dubbed "minature destroyers" by Tokyo Rose, LSL(L)s were, inch for inch, the most heavily armed amphibious craft in the U.S. Pacific fleet.), Perspectives (A private quarrel between the houses of York and Lancaster led to a street fight at St. Albane - and ultimately to an epic war.), Reviews (If Hitler had done these things, would WWII have had a different outcome?), Travel (At Athens, Missouri, Colonel David Moore prepared to defend the Union against a Rebel force that included his three sons.), Taking Charge Under Fire (With his ship, the destroyer Kidd, struck by a Japanese suicide pland, a wounded Lieutenant Burdick H. Brittin tok over for his disabled captain, to find the bridge "a shambles, including many dead and wounded".), Cao Cao: Ancient China's Military Master (In the popular romance of the Three Kingdoms, he is the cunning, complex villain that Chinese readers and theatergoers love to hate, but the 3rd-century warlord of Wer also left behind a rich legacy for students of military science.), Civil War's Longest Siege (After reeling back under a relentless Union advance on Petersburg, General P.G.T. Beauregard cabled General Robert E. Lee: "The last hour of the Confederacy has arriced." In fact, that final hour would go on for 10 agonizing months.), Maida: Britain to the Rescue ("Vive l'Empereur! A la baionette!" shouted the French light infantry as their columns plunged toward the British line on July 4, 1806. "Steady light infantry" the British officers calmly told their troops. "Let them come".), Dawning of Imperialist Japan (A century ago, the Treaty of Shimonoseki brought the Sino-Japanese War to an end. Japan had won by merging East and West in her armed forces - a trend that was also reflected in the triptychs her war artists produced.)
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June
1995

Espionage (The South threatened to send a Yankee prisoner to the gallows for each captured sailor who was executed for "piracy".), Personality (For decades, Armenian guerrila leader General Andranik Ozanian was a thorn in the side of the Ottoman Turks.), Perspectives (The XXIX Tactical Air Command helped clear the road to Berlain in World War II's final months.), Weaponry (Although crudely simple and poorly armed, the long-lived Renault FT-17 established the basic layout of the modern tank.), Reviews (Tom Clancy provices a gided tour of an armored cavalry regiment.), Travel ("We can go anywhere and do anything we wish," is the boast of the U.S. Navy's Underwater Demolition Teams - and later the SEALS.), Siege Forges a Kingdom (Astrologers had predicted that Muhammad XI would be the last king of Granada and bring ruin to the Moors in Spain. In the autumn of 1491, Ferdinand II, Christian King of Aragon, Castile and Leon, seemed ready to fulfill that prophecy.), Last U.S. Horse Cavalry Charge (Angered that the neighboring armored platoon was leaving the Philippine Scouts to their own devices, Captain John Z. Wheeler walked up to a nearby tank and yelled "What the hell's the idea". The hatch opened. Yhe crewman was Japanese.), Colonial Stand Fans Revolution's Flame (As his troops prepared to advance on the rebels dug in on Breed's Hill outside Boston, Maj. Gen. William Howe told them to "behave like Englishman". To a Tory observer, such courageous conduct "meant standing in an open field to be shot at">), Airman Down in Korean Hills ("There is a fine line between being a goat and being a hero" said Lt. j.g. Thomas J. Hudner, Jr., who was convinced that he would be court-martialed for crash-landing his VoughtF4U Corsair on a Korean hillside to rescue a downed comrade.), "A Damned Nice Thing" at Waterloo (Asked by his German liason officer if he really thought Lt. Col. James Macdonell's 1,500 Guards could hold the isolated chateau at Hougoumont against Napoleon's army, the Duke of Wellington calmly replied, "Ah, but you do not know Macdonnel.')
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August
1995

Editorial, Espionage (In 1901, self-taught soldier Frederick Funston set out to match wits with the elusive Filipino rebel Emilo Aguinaldo.), Weaponry (Murderous at close range, the lightweight carronade was dubbed the "Devil Gun".), Personality (Coolness and tenacity in the performance of his duties won Francisco Franco Bahamonde respect, if not many friends.), Reviews (Of almost 400 men that Nantucket contributed to the Union cause during the Civil War, 73 did not return.), Travel ("Guns & Guts" are annually put to the test at Britain's Royal Tournament._, Perspectives (At the Little Bighorn, Major Marcus Reno;s officers regarded him as more a libality than a commander.), Stonewall's Forgotten Masterpiece (With General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia divided and his battle plan in Union hands, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson did not have much time left to eliminate the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry.), The Battleships of Gdansk ("What my father had done for the army, I intend to do for my Navy" announced Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, and he commissioned the Ferdinand Schichau shipyard to help build his great fleet in the years rior to World War I.), Ambush at Kadesh *King Muwutallis' trap had worked perfectly. His Hittites had routed two Egyptian divisions and cut off their king, Ramses II. But his soldiers could not resist looting the Egyptian camp - and Ramses was not yet ready to concede defeat.), Scouting Guadalcanal (Scouting was often stressful, said Marine Corporal Michael C. Capraro, "but I had decided that if I had to die, I would rather do it on patrol where I had some control rather than just huddle in a foxhole and helplessly watch the bombers come over".), Thermonuclear Legacy (While considering the use of atomic bombs in Korea in February 1953 Secretary of State John F. Dulles noted that Soviet strategists set such weapons in a special category, but that the Uited States "should try to break down this false distinction".)
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October
1995

Espionage (During the Civil War, an American dentist in Paris strived to prevent France from recognizing the Confederacy), Weaponry (Advanced mobile strategy and tactics helped the Mongols conquer a vast empire), Personality ("They call me a soldier of a statesman" said Boer commander Louis Botha, :In reality I am a farmer and nothing else"), Reviews (For 72 days, roving Zulu patrols held a British invasion force under a strange state of seige), Travel (An estate named after the 1st Infantry Division's first battle now serves as the official museum of the "Big Red One"_, Perspectives (The Cuban port of Cardenas was the scene of a small but fierce naval engagement - and a remarkable rescue), Doughboy's Mettle Forged at Cantiony (Launched amid Germany's general Spring offensive of 1918, the American counterstroke at Cantigny succeeded with extraordinary smoothness. But the longer Americans occupied the town, the more problems arose0, Czech Ace of WWII (In May 1940, fighter pilot-in-exile Frantisek Perina shot down seven enemy aircraft and rose from the rank of Sergeant to lieutenant - all in five busy days), Revolution's Fate Sealed at Sea (The British were confident of victory over the French as the "line ahead" flag signal ran up the mast of Admiral Sir Thomas Graves' flagship London. But then, a second signal, "bear down and engage" was also run up - contradicting the first order), Serb Surprise Thwarted at Slivnitza (Eor two days, the Bulgarians had held their own against the largest Serb invasion force. Then, on November 19, 1885, came disastrous news. The Serbian Morava Division was threatening their rear - and, simultaneously, the Bulgarian capital of Sofia), Christians Collide in Albigensian Crusade (As his men slaughtered the Albigensian herectics of Beziers, a Crusader cried, "Kill them all; God will recognize his own" But when King Pedro II of Aragon, himself a veteran of fighting Muslims in Spain, opposed the Crusaders at Muref, even God would have been confused.
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October
1996

Personality (Aleksandr Suvorov was Russia's greatest military genius.), Intrigue (When his attempts to subvert the Roman Senate failed, Lusius Sergius Catilina resorted to terrorism and civil war.), Perspectives (A tragic incident of World War I is commemorated by a macabre monument at Verdun, France.), Reviews (Fitzroy MacLean was an ideal historian for Highland warriors - he himself had added to their laurels during World War II.), Weaponry (The Le Mat pistol was not an elegant weapon, but it packed a devastating punch.(, Best Little Stories (One moment, the gunner was in an airplane, the next he was tumbling to earth in the severed tail section.), Tecumseh's Last Stand (At the Thames River on October 5, 1813, a charge of Kentucky Mounted Riflemen routed a line of British Redcoats in minutes. Elsewhere, however, Britain's Indian allies, commanded by Shawnee Chief Tecumseh were fiercely holding their ground.), Colonials Collide at Bloody Marsh (As Spanish Captain Antonio Barba's grenadiers advanced through Georgia's Bloody Marsh, they noticed barricades of logs and brush to the north. When Barba sent a few troops for a closer look, they were greeted by a fusillade of British musket fire.), Desert Battle of Abu Klea (For a moment, Maj. Gen. Sir Herbert Stewart's Deser Column seemed to have held Musa Wad Helu's Mahdists in check. Then 6,000 more Dervishes suddenly emerged from a dry riverbed and plunged through a gap in the British square.), Expert POW Liberator (On the morning of November 21, 1970, a Sikorsky HH-3E helicopter crash-landed inside the North Vietnamese prison compound at Son Tay. For one of the men on board, Master Sgt. Galen C. Kittleson, it was his fourth POW raid in two years.), Samurai Slaughtered at Nagashino (No Japanese warlord had ever relied on matchlock-armed peasant soldiers to the extent that Oda Mobunga did facing Takeda Katsuyori's crack horsemen on June 29, 1575. But then, nobody had deployed them in alternating ranks, firing in volleys.)
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August
1998

Editorials, Letters, Intrigue (The CIA's scheme to invade Cuba's Bay of Pigs was undone by "plausible deniability".), Personality (Edwin O. Loucks reached Cuba in time to see the Spanish surrender, but after that, he wrote, "our real troubles commenced".), Weaponry (Injurious to horses and men, the cltrop is also effective against rubber tires.), Perspectives (At Omdurman, Osman Digna enticed the British into a deadly ambush.), Reviews ("Think what it will be like when the Duke of Wellington is announced" mused his eldest son ruefully, "and only I come in".), Irish Triumph at the Yellow Ford (Sir Richard Percy reported that word of Marshal Sir Henry Bagenal's death left his soldiers "so dismayed that from retiring they began to fall into a rout". I actuality, Hugh O'Neil's Irishmen had been in control of the battle from the very start.), Marine Raider in the Pacific (When Captain John Apergis told Corporal Charlie Van Hoose to lead his squad against a machine=gun position on Guadalcanal, the corporal replied, "I'ss do this alone". He then took four grenades and a Thompson submachine gun and wiped out the enemy.), Death of the Prince Imperial (Warned that Aulus had been spotted nearby, Prince Louis Napoleon ordered his fellow horsemen to prepare to moung. Just then, a volley of rifle fire erupted from the tall grass 20 yards away, followed by screams of "uSuthu" (Kill!).), A Connecticut Yankee at St. Mihiel (When Sergeant James Carey suggested bluffing the German machine gunners, Private Harold Proctor said, "I honestly think we're foolish to try it, but whatever you say goes".), Battle of the Pyramids (Massing on General Napoleon Bonaparte's flank, the Mamelukes charged. "The soldiers fired with such coolness that not a single cartridge was wasted..." wrote Lieutenant > Verray, "The number of corpses surrounding our square soon was considerable".)
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